Complete List of Eye Diseases

Have questions about an eye condition or vision problem? Search our comprehensive list of doctor-written and doctor-reviewed articles for dependable, easy-to-understand info.

List of Most Common Eye Diseases

Please bear in mind that these articles are for basic education purposes only. If you presume you have an eye condition or vision problem or you have actually injured your eye, see an optometrist immediately.

Acanthamoeba Keratitis

An uncommon but severe eye infection associated with bad contact lens health and other factors.

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Amblyopia is a vision advancement issue in babies and kids that can cause long-term vision loss. Find out the symptoms, causes and treatments.


Generally caused by an irregular cornea, astigmatism causes blur at all distances.

Bell’s Palsy

This condition causes unexpected paralysis of one side of the face. Due to the fact that it affects blinking, it can cause severe dry eye.

Bionic Eye Implants

Learn more about retinal implants that are bring back functional vision to individuals with retinitis pigmentosa and other blinding conditions.

Black Eye

How major is a shiner? How to treat black eyes.


Inflammation of the eyelids related to chronic eye irritation, watery eyes, foreign body feeling, level of sensitivity to light and crusty debris at the base of the eyelashes.

Blurry Vision

Blurred vision has many causes, from fatigue and eyestrain to serious eye illness such as glaucoma. A video helps describe fuzzy vision causes and treatments.

Burning Eyes

How to get remedy for burning, stinging eyes.


The risk of cataracts increases with age. Learn what causes them and how to secure your eyes.

Cataract Surgery

It’s the most common non-elective surgery in the United States. Recent innovations consist of laser-assisted cataract surgery.


A swollen bump in the eyelid. Discover causes and treatments.

Clinical Trials Related to Eye Diseases

Find out the status of scientific trials for treatment of glaucoma, macular degeneration, blepharitis and other eye problems and illness.

CMV Retinitis

About 80 percent of grownups have actually been exposed to the cytomegalovirus (CMV), but it mainly impacts individuals with bad immune systems, such as HELP patients.

Color Loss of sight

Discover the varieties of color vision deficiency and how to deal with color loss of sight.

Common Eye Disorders

How to identify and manage daily eye issues.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

What you can do about soreness, swelling, itching and tearing of pink eye. (Likewise available: conjuntivitis en español.) Learn about pink eye treatment and the numerous conjunctivitis types. Discover answers to common concerns such as how long pink eye lasts, how to get rid of pink eye and for how long pink eye is contagious.

Cornea Transplant

Eye injuries and diseases like keratoconus may need a cornea transplant, utilizing healthy tissue from an eye donor.

Corneal Abrasion (Scratched Eye)

A scratched cornea is generally extremely painful. What to do if it occurs to you.

Corneal Collagen Crosslinking

Not yet FDA-approved, these procedures can enhance the front surface of the eye and assistance keratoconus patients prevent a cornea transplant.

Corneal Ulcer

Treatment may assist avoid scarring on your eye.

Removed Retina

Flashes of light and floating spots are traditional indication of a separated retina– get them had a look at As Soon As Possible. Also read our Eye Doctor Q&A on retinal problems.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Damage to the eye’s retina due to diabetes. Also read about treatment for diabetic retinopathy and macular edema. More details are discovered in our Optometrist Q&A on how diabetes impacts your eyes and our diabetic retinopathy Frequently Asked Question.

Complete List of Eye Diseases

Various Colored Eyes (Heterochromia)

Many individuals (and animals) have two various colored eyes. What causes it? Is it a problem that needs an eye examination?

Double Vision (Diplopia)

Lots of conditions cause double vision, consisting of stroke and cataracts. What to do.

Dry Eye Infographic – SPONSORED

Learn 8 symptoms, causes and steps to managing dry eye.

Dry Eye Syndrome

Why eyes get dry. Likewise check out dry eye treatments and relief, such as eye drops, tear duct (punctal) plugs and dietary supplements for more eye moisture. Likewise, see the dry eye doctor’s responses to reader questions. To learn more, view details about how punctal plugs work and our Frequently Asked Question on dry eyes and the best contact lenses for them.

Eye Allergies

Itchy, red, swollen, tearing eyes may indicate eye allergies. Get suggestions for relief, and read our Eye Doctor Q&A about typical eye allergy symptoms. Also see today’s AccuWeather pollen count map.

Eye and Vision News

Breaking news about eye care and vision issues.

Eye and Vision Item News

New eyeglasses and vision care products designed to improve your life.

Eye Herpes

Ocular herpes is a frequent viral infection that may lead to serious vision loss. Check out how herpes of the eye is transferred and treated.

Eye Infections

Find out about bacterial, viral and fungal eye infections, consisting of symptoms.

Eye Injury: A Guide to Treatment

Accidents cause numerous kinds of eye injuries, from corneal scratches to penetrating wounds. What to do for an eye emergency.

Eye Occlusions (Eye Strokes)

Abrupt vision loss can happen when an embolism or blockage interrupts blood circulation to vital eye structures.

Eye Pain

How to understand if a painful eye is an emergency situation.

Eye Twitching

Eyelid twitches, tics and spasms are maddening. Here are eight treatments you can attempt.

Floaters, Flashes and Spots

Eye floaters and flashes might be safe, or they may indicate a severe problem, like a removed retina.

Fuchs’ Corneal Dystrophy

Causes loss of vision and clouding of the cornea due to degeneration of the corneal endothelium and corneal edema.


Glaucoma harms the optic nerve and lessens the visual field. Learn about glaucoma causes, eye drops for glaucoma, narrow-angle glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma and glaucoma surgery.

Glaucoma Surgery

New alternatives for managing glaucoma with surgery.

Higher-Order Aberrations

Higher-order aberrations (HOAs) are vision mistakes causing bad night vision or double images.

Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

Farsighted people can have poor near vision or blurred vision at all distances.


A hyphema is a broken blood vessel in the eye that causes blood to gather in the area between the cornea and iris. It’s generally painful and can cause glaucoma.

Intacs for Keratoconus

These tiny corneal inserts can assist flatten a bulging eye.

Itchy Eyes

What causes itchy eyes and eyelids– and how to get relief.


Unique contact lenses can help this condition that changes the shape of your eye. You can send a question on the Ask the Eye Doctor About Keratoconus page.

Losing an Eye: Enucleation and Prosthetic Eye

Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Stargardt’s disease is a form of macular degeneration that can impact children.

Macular Dystrophy

Central vision loss can be associated with this acquired eye disease.

Macular Hole

Unexpectedly blurred or distorted vision, specifically in elders and diabetics, might mean a macular hole.

Meibomian Gland Dysfunction

MGD is the culprit behind a lot of cases of dry eye syndrome. Find out how to spot it and what you can do to get relief.

Milia (Eyelid Cysts) – BRAND-NEW!

What causes those tiny eyelid cysts in babies and grownups, and how they are dealt with.

Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Nearsighted people can see fine up close, but far-off things are a blur.


Uncontrollable eye movements from nystagmus often have neurological causes.

Ocular Hypertension

High eye pressure has no symptoms, but can be easily spotted in an eye exam. Learn what can be done to prevent glaucoma and possible eye damage.

Ocular Migraine

Ocular migraine causes a feeling of checking out shattered glass. What’s occurring? Also, read our Optometrist Q&A about ocular migraines.

Ocular Rosacea

How to resolve eye and eyelid irritation.

Optic Neuritis and Optic Neuropathy

A swollen optic nerve can cause blurred vision and blind spots.

Peripheral Vision Loss

“Tunnel vision” can have different causes, consisting of glaucoma.

Photophobia (Light Level of sensitivity)

Sensitive to light? Lots of eye conditions can cause this issue.


Pingueculae are developments on the eye. Are they serious?


Everything about this regular age-related loss of focusing capability that ends up being noticeable after age 40.


Pterygia, also called “surfer’s eye,” are developments on the eyeball that can hinder vision.

Ptosis (Sagging Eyelid)

Drooping eyelids can be remedied with ptosis repair work surgery, which tightens up the muscle that supports the upper eyelid.

Red Eyes

Red eyes can be triggered by allergies, eye infections and eye injuries. Discover more causes of red eye and how to treat bloodshot eyes.

Retinitis Pigmentosa

Poor night vision and a constricting field of vision start in youth declare this unusual condition. Can vitamin A and beta-carotene aid? Also read our Eye Doctor Q&A on retinal issues.

Sjogren’s Syndrome

Dry eye is a typical symptom of this autoimmune disorder.

Sleep in Your Eyes

Do you typically get up with sticky, slimy, crusty “eye gunk”?

Snow Blindness

How to prevent a painful sunburned eye and temporary vision loss from UV direct exposure.

Stargardt’s Disease (STGD)

A kind of macular degeneration that affects children and young people.


Secret facts about strabismus and crossed eyes, including causes and treatments (strabismus surgery, vision therapy and orthoptics).

Strabismus Surgery

These treatments adjust eye muscles to align misaligned eyes. Likewise, read an Eye Doctor Q&A about what to expect from strabismus surgery.


What causes styes in your eyelid– and how to prevent them.

Subconjunctival Hemorrhage

Sudden soreness in the white of your eye may be a subconjunctival hemorrhage.

Swollen Eyelids

Swollen eyes have lots of causes. Here are ideas for avoidance and treatment.


Painful swelling of the uvea causes light sensitivity, floaters and blurred vision.

Vitrectomy & Vitreoretinal Procedures

These delicate surgical procedures for macular holes, retinal detachments and other conditions are performed in the eye’s deep interior.

Alik Muradov (Eyexan Team Member) / author of the article
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Ophthalmology: Health of Your Eyes
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