A chalazion is a benign, painless bump or nodule inside the upper or lower eyelid. Chalazia (plural for chalazion) result from healed internal styes that no longer are contagious. These cyst-like nodules form around an oil gland (meibomian) within the eyelid, resulting in red, swollen eyelids.
The contents of a chalazion consist of pus and obstructed fatty secretions (lipids) that generally assist lube the eye but can no longer drain out.
Numerous chalazia drain, dealing with by themselves, specifically if you help with the procedure with regular warm compresses and mild massage of the eyelid.
However, some chalazia continue for more than several weeks and grow large enough to become cosmetically uninviting.
A bigger chalazion may continue the cornea, momentarily developing irregularity on the eye surface and inducing astigmatism. This can cause blurry vision.
What Causes a Chalazion?
It is not constantly possible to identify a cause for a chalazion. Nevertheless, chalazia are more common in those with blepharitis (eye swelling) and rosacea.
People with rosacea, characterized by facial inflammation and swollen bumps under the skin (papules and pustules), are prone to have certain eye problems such as blepharitis and chalazia.
Rosacea can affect eyelids, the eye’s thin outer membrane (conjunctiva), the clear eye surface (cornea) and the white of the eye (sclera).
These symptoms of rosacea on the eye collectively are described as ocular rosacea. Causes of rosacea itself can be tough to pinpoint, although environment and inherited propensities are most likely elements.
Specific microorganisms residing in or near eyelash roots also may worsen swelling around the eye.
How Is a Chalazion Treated?
What is a treatment of chalazion on upper or lower eyelid? If you are susceptible to developing chalazia, your doctor can prescribe preventative programs, such as cleaning your eyelids, using medication on your eyelid and even using oral medication for underlying conditions.
The most frequently prescribed oral medication for blepharitis and meibomian gland dysfunction is doxycycline (antibiotic). Often tetracycline and minocycline, both which remain in the same drug household of antibiotics, are recommended. However, doxycycline tends to be much better tolerated.
Topical and oral antibiotics typically are ineffective as direct treatments for chalazia, which have no active contagious part that would need this type of technique.
If you develop a chalazion, your optometrist might have you frequently apply a warm, wet compress on the outside of your closed eyelid to promote drain from the eye’s obstructed oil gland.
Little, inconspicuous chalazia may need no treatment at all. Nevertheless, some obstructions triggering chalazia do unclear up on their own. These may remain forever and even grow larger.
In the case of an annoying and relentless chalazion, you may undergo a basic in-office surgery to excise it.
An eye surgeon will use local anesthesia to numb the area prior to making a little cut, typically from beneath the eyelid to clear the contents of the lesion without noticeable scarring.
An alternate procedure includes injecting the chalazion with corticosteroid to allow better drainage. A possible side effect of steroid injection is lightening of the surrounding skin, which can be more bothersome in dark-skinned people.
In cases where a chalazion repeats in the same part of the eyelid or has a suspicious look, the eliminated tissue might be sent to a laboratory to dismiss tumorous growth.
Luckily, many chalazia are fairly safe.