Nearly everyone has had pain in one eye or both at some time. Often they improve by themselves, but they can also signify something more severe. If you feel sharp pain behind left or right eye keep reading to find out possible causes of the issue.
Your optometrist can find out what’s going on and discover the right treatment for you.
Where Does Sharp Pain Behind Eye Come From?
Often sharp pain behind left or right eye results from a problem such as:
- Cornea: The clear window in the front of your eye that focuses light
- Sclera: The whites of your eyes
- Conjunctiva: The ultra-thin covering of your sclera and the within your eyelid
- Iris: The colored part of your eye, with the student in the middle
- Orbit: A bony cavern (eye socket) in your skull where the eye and its muscles lie.
- Extraocular muscles: They rotate your eye.
- Nerves: They carry visual details from your eyes to your brain.
- Eyelids: Outside coverings that protect and spread wetness over your eyes.
Possible Causes of Sharp Pain Behind Your Eye
Blepharitis: An inflammation or infection of the eyelid
Conjunctivitis (pinkeye): This is inflammation of the conjunctiva. It can be from allergic reactions or infections (viral or bacterial). Capillary in the conjunctiva swell. This makes the part of your eye that’s normally white look red. Your eye might also get itchy and gunky.
Corneal abrasions: That’s the main name for a scratch on this part of your eye. It sounds minor, however it can injure. It’s simple to do, too. You can scratch your eye while rubbing it. Your doctor will provide you antibiotic drops. It needs to improve in a few days without additional issues.
Corneal infections (keratitis): A swollen or infected cornea is often triggered by a bacterial or viral infection. You might be most likely to get it if you leave your contacts in over night or use dirty lenses. Sometimes this condition can causes sharp pain in (or behind) infected eye.
Foreign bodies: Something in your eye, like a bit of dirt, can irritate it and cause sharp pain around or behind the eye. Try to wash it out with synthetic tears or water. If you do not get it out, it can scratch your eye.
Glaucoma: This family of conditions causes fluid to build up in your eye. That puts pressure on your optic nerve. If you do not treat it, you might lose your sight. The majority of the time there are no early symptoms. However a type called severe angle-closure glaucoma causes pressure inside your eye to rise unexpectedly. Symptoms include severe eye pain, queasiness and vomiting, headache, and intensifying vision. This is an emergency. You need treatment ASAP to prevent blindness.
Iritis or uveitis: A swelling inside your eye from injury, infections, or problems with your immune system. Symptoms include sharp pain, red eye, and, typically, even worse vision.
Optic neuritis: An inflammation of the nerve that travels from the back of the eyeball into your brain and may cause sharp pain behind your one eye or both. Several sclerosis and other conditions or infections are often to blame. Symptoms include loss of vision and often deep discomfort when you look from side to side.
Sinusitis: An infection in among your sinuses. When pressure builds up behind your eyes, it can cause pain (usually sharp) on one or both sides.
Stye: This is a tender bump on the edge of your eyelid. It happens when an oil gland, eyelash, or hair follicle gets infected or inflamed. You might hear your doctor call it a chalazion or hordeolum.
Eye pain can happen on its own or with other symptoms, like:
- Less vision
- Discharge: It can be clear or thick and colored
- Foreign body sensation– the sensation that something remains in the eye, whether genuine or envisioned
- Light sensitivity
- Nausea or vomiting
- Red eye or pinkeye
- Your eye is crusted shut with discharge when you wake up.
Other symptoms in addition to sharp or shooting pain in eyes can be a hint to what is causing the pain.
How Is Sharp Pain Behind Eye Treated
Simply as causes can vary, so do treatments. They target the specific cause of eye pain.
Conjunctivitis: Antibacterial eyedrops can treat bacterial conjunctivitis. Antihistamines in the form of eyedrops, a tablet, or a syrup can enhance conjunctivitis from allergic reactions.
Corneal abrasions: These heal on their own with time. Your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic ointment or drops.
Glaucoma: You’ll get eyedrops and maybe tablets to minimize pressure. If they do not work, you might require surgery.
Infected cornea: You may require antiviral or anti-bacterial eyedrops.
Iritis: The doctor will treat this with steroid, antibiotic, or antiviral eyedrops.
Optic neuritis: It’s treated with corticosteroids.
Styes: Use warm compresses at home for a couple of days.
The only method to figure out the causes of sharp pain behind eye and to get the right treatment is to see a doctor. Your vision is valuable. Protect it by taking eye pain seriously.